PANCHAKARMA

Ayurvedais not justan alternative to healing, but ratheran approach to science that assistspeople tohow to livethroughoverall wellness of thebody. Itprovides the correcteating habits and lifestyle that mustbefollowed to prevent illnessesfrom affectingour body. According to Ayurvedaevery human being isformed by 5 fundamentalelements i.evayu, aakashjala, agni and prthvi. There are3 governing doshasincluding pitta, vataandkapha.Each person has theirown unique balance of the Best Ayurvedic Doctor in Nashik doshas.

Panchakarma isthe elementof Ayurvedathat not only helps to eliminatetoxins from the bodybut alsostrengthensthe immune systemand balancesthe doshas.Panchakarma is considered to be the best andmostefficienttherapy for healing that is availableinAyurvedic Medicine.The therapyisrecommended to maintainphysical and mental well-being.It is a tried and testedhomeopathic treatment that helps detoxify andimprovinghealth.

Panchakarma isanSanskrit wordthat translates to ‘fiveactions’. It ishighly customized and tailoredaccording to the need,as it depends onthebalance of doshas as well as age, digestivesystem, and more.In accordance with the requirementsof the patient, allorpartof the fivekarmas isgiven. Thetreatment eliminates excessivedoshas and balances the imbalanceofthe doshas as iteliminates toxins fromthe bodyvia theorgans’channels.

Thepanchakarma process in its entiretyis comprised of
1.) Poorva karma- snehana and swedana
2.) Pradhan karma- itcomprises vamana, virechanbasti, nasya andRaktamokshan. These are thefiveKarmasi.e panchakarma.
3) Paschatkarma- it includespost therapy diet

POORVA KARMA

Theprincipal goalofsnehanaorswedana is torestore thevitiated doshas to an eliminationform. Itis usedto treat individualsas well as apoorvakarmafor the Shodhanchikitsa.

SNEHANA

It is also referred toasOleation Therapy.it is one of themethods that are used prior tocommencing the Panchakarma Therapy.According toCharaka Samhita there are mainlyfour kinds of snehana dravyathought to be the best for snehan.

1) Ghee (ghrita)
2) Oil (taila)
3) Fat (vasa)
4) BoneMarrow(majja)

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DadimadiGhrita, Tila Taila or bala tailaGhrita and others are amongtheingredients usedinsnehana.

Themethod lubricates the wholebodyby applying medicated oil/gheeboth externally and internally.When the medicated oil/ghee isapplied internally, it is known assnehapanam. It is anvital to perform this procedure in order to achieve Panchakarma.

CLASSIFICATION OF SNEHANA-

1.) Internal oleation-
Itincludes consumption ofthe snehana Dravya in a medicalornon-medicated way. Itmay or may notbemixedwith other ayurvedicfoods or medicines.The technique lubricatestissuesand different parts ofhuman body.

2) External oleation/massage/abhyanga
Itincludes head massage and body massage, as well asgargle , etc. with medicated oil.

SWEDANA

It’s also known assteam therapy, also known astherapeutic sudation. This isthe other procedure done beforePanchakarma.The therapy improvesblood circulation and eliminates thecontaminants through the pores of the skinout of the body.

It isone ofthebest method that hasbeenpracticed since longback. Itis utilized as ashaman chikitsa and alsoin the form of poorvakarma prior to shodhan. Itcan be done onspecific parts of aperson or all of thebody. Themethod of administeringswedanaisn’t always the same and can changedepending on the needsof the patient.

PRADHAN KARMA OR SHODHAN CHIKITSA

1) VAMANA

It is acontrolled therapeuticvomiting. Vamana therapyis recommended inthe kapha doshas.When the dosha is overa certain limit and istransferred to another location then it needs toberemovedfrom thebody. Kaphais foundin the chestregion , thereforeremoval viaan oral pathwayiseasy.

HERBA USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA

Madana phala  Panchakarma Treatment in Nashik is one of thebestvamak dravya. Other herbsused arenimba, kutaja,yashtimadhu, vacha etc.

Emesis for therapeutic purposes is one of twokinds-

1.)Gastric emesis- itstimulates the gastric mucosa andit then stimulates the vomiting center ofthe brain.
2.)Central emesis- itstimulates the medulla in thebrain and causes vomiting to occurin the brain.

The coordination of vomiting is controlled by thean oblongata medulla in the brainandis triggered bynausea and salivation.

BENEFITS OF VAMANA

Themethod expels the aggravatedkapha dosha, improvesdigestion and metabolism,restores health and wellness, improvesthefunctions of senseorgans,improves fertilityandslows the process of aging.

HERBS USED AS VAMAK DRAVYA

Vamana therapyis used when an aggravatedthe kapha dosha that causes disease,orwhen dominant kapha dosha alongwith pitta dosha causesthe disease.The therapy has specificguidelines and contraindications.

INDICATIONS-

Thetreatment is appropriate fordiarrhea, dysentery, feverof recent origin cough, cold,asthma, tumour,urinary tractdisorder and skin diseases, anorexia and respiratory disorders, as well as indigestion,goiter and fibroidand many more.

CONTRAINDICATIONS-

Patientswith a kapha dosha less thannormalshould not be treated withvammanatherapy.Women pregnant, who do not havesnehana karma, agni that is strong(digestive system) people who arestressed, hungry and children, elderly and weak people, who have an over-sizedstomach, intestinal parasites,an enlarged prostate, and so onwhen this happens, vamana Karmamust be avoided.

2) VIRECHAN

Virechan (purgation)is the 2nd karmainpanchakarma. It isone of the widelyutilized treatments, especially inailments caused by thepitta dosha that is aggravated. The pittadosha is eliminatedin a forceful manner through the anal channel.The doshas get eliminated withless strain and with less complications whenas compared to vamana karma. Itmay also be administeredinpitta-kapha and vata-pittadoshaswhere pitta is dominant. Thetherapy involves following specificeating regimens to attain thenormaleating habits and finishthetreatment.

HERBS USED AS VIRECHAK DRAVYA

Virechan drugs include milk, takra, gavakshi, vacha, punarnava, shala, panchmoola, saptala, haritaki, kashmarya, draksha, jyotishmati, vibhitaki, amalaki, abhaya etc.

Based on the medication administeredvirechan comes in two formsThere are two types of virechan –
1) Snigdha virechan- meaning ofSnigdha meansoily. It isindicated where pittaisassociated withvata dosha.
2) Rooksha virechan- itis a sign that pitta isrelated to kapha dosha.

INDICATIONS

Virechanmay causeconstipation, gout, piles as well as jaundice, liver disease ascites, splenomegaly,dysuria, pain in the largeintestine, disease of urogenitalsystem inmale and female and nasal bleeding, etc.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

A poor digestive system, diarrhea and dysentery as well as ulcersin the rectum or emaciatedperson, after excessoleation treatment, wounds etcareall instances in whichvirechanisn’t indicated.

3) BASTI KARMA

Inolden daystheurinarybladder (basti) wasused asequipmentforenema.So the name for theprocedure is basti Karma.

Basti isone of the special treatmentsthat is used inayurvedic panchakarma.It is a treatment that uses medicated gheedecoctions, oils, etc.are administeredthrough the rectal,urinary and vaginal route. Itincreases immunity and enhancesoverall health for an individual. Vatadosha is the cause ofall the diseasesand basti karmais the treatmentpreferred for relaxingvata dosha.Therefore, it is describedas ‘ardhachikitsa’ .

DEFINITION OF BASTI

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Theadministration of medicine usingthe basti, or even vasti(urinary bladder) iscalled basti karma.

A single or a combination ofherbal decoction, medicated oil-gheeand other such things, ksheera, mamsarasa, rakta as well as othermedications in the form ofliquid are applied depending onthestate of health of theperson.

HERBS USED FOR BASTI KARMA

Jeevaka, rishabhaka, jeevanti, guduchi, gokshura, bala, draksha, shatavari, shatpushpa, yashtimadhu, amalaki, brihati, dadima,pippali, vidanga, adraka, musta, nimbi, kutaja etc are used for basti karma.

BENEFITS OF BASTI KARMA-

1) Expels thedoshas of the night.
2) Pacifies thedoshas that are aggravated.
3) Acts as aphrodisiac forthose who suffer fromsemen depletion.
4.)Can help in losingweight and managingobesity.
5)Delays ageing and prematuregreying.
6)It provides proper nutritionanddevelopmentof the body.
7) Enhances immunity
8)Promotes quality of lifeandextends the life span.